The aviation seems to be much more older than we think it is. Back in time around 5000 years back, the Hindu mythology describes the aircraft as "Pushpak-Viman" The Flying Chariot, as described in "Rig-Veda" the verses says:
" jumping into space speedily with a craft using fire and water ... containing twelve stamghas (pillars), one wheel, three machines, 300 pivots, and 60 instruments"
|The concept of Vimana|
- as we can see, the verse of Rig-Veda says the use of fire and water, might be the jet-engines were used that time in which propulsion was achieved by the steam.
|A page from the book " THE LIFE AND WORK OF LEONARDO DA VINCI " |
showing his drawing and notes related to flying machines
Coming back to the modern days, back in some 1480 the Leonardo Da Vinci, designed the concept of the "Aerial Screw"- a kind of helicopter, in his design and notes he also gave the concept of “Ornithopter"- Kind of machine which fly like a bird and carries the passengers. In his life time, Vinci gave number of concepts related to different kinds of flying-machines.
As I have said earlier, the aviation is old enough than we think it is. The wright Brothers invented the flying machine as "Wright Flyer-I" & "Wright Flyer-II" in 19th century and created the modern history in aviation by putting their ideas from the mythology and Vinci`s writings to build first actual fuel powered airplane.
After propeller driven wright Flyer`s, the concept of jet-engine was proposed by an English inventor " Frank Whittle" in 1928 and we have got the first turbo-jet engine in 1930, which revolutionize the aviation to have such aircraft which can penetrate the troposphere and fly at the height of more than 11 km at the lower level of stratosphere.
|Boeing-747 (Left) vs Wright Flyer-I (Right)|